8 Important Health Screenings for Men

By: Tori Bowlin

2 de junio de 2022

Young man on a hike above Reno, Nevada

Unfortunately, men are less likely to visit their doctor for exams, screenings, and consults than women. So with the help of Bonnie Ferrara, MD of Renown Health, we've put together a list of eight screenings to help men stay on top of their health game.

1. Pruebas de presión sanguínea

20 años o más

Las pruebas de presión sanguínea miden la presión en las arterias a medida que el corazón late. Biennial (every two years) checks are recommended if you have normal blood pressure or more frequently if you have high blood pressure (hypertension) or low blood pressure (hypotension). The United States Preventative Services Taskforce cites normal blood pressure below 120 systolic (top number) and 80 diastolic (bottom number).

2. Examen de detección del colesterol

20 años o más

Los niveles altos de colesterol aumentan el riesgo de tener accidentes cerebrovasculares y enfermedades cardíacas. A simple blood test will help your healthcare provider determine your numbers and if you're at risk. Si tiene antecedentes familiares de diabetes o enfermedad cardíaca, es posible que deba hacerse controles anuales. But, again, your doctor can provide the best course of action.

3. Colonoscopía

50 años o más

Una colonoscopía puede detectar cambios o anomalías en el intestino grueso (colon) y el recto. Los médicos recomiendan que si tiene un riesgo promedio de cáncer de colon, empiece a hacerse controles a los 50 años. Sin embargo, si tiene un riesgo elevado o antecedentes familiares, considere hacerse controles antes. Generally, screening is advised every ten years, but if you are at risk, get screened every 3-to 5 years, depending on the recommendation after your initial colonoscopy.

4. Diabetes

45 años o más

Prediabetes and diabetes can run in the family, so it's recommended to get screened for type 2 diabetes every three years if you know your history. Los factores de riesgo para la diabetes incluyen los siguientes: enfermedad cardíaca y accidente cerebrovascular, ceguera, enfermedad renal, daño a los nervios e impotencia. Talk to your doctor about testing for this dangerous condition and what steps you can take for prevention.

5. Cáncer de piel

20 años o más

If you have a family history of skin cancer or experienced sunburns as a child, you're at higher risk for skin cancer. First, consult a dermatologist for a baseline skin check, and then annual checkups are routine. Self-care at home includes keeping an eye on changing moles and birthmarks as they signal a problem. And don't forget the sunscreen—even during the winter months!

6. Glaucoma

40 años o más

It's important to have regular eye exams to detect and treat glaucoma before damage to the optic nerve occurs. Muchos tipos de glaucoma no dan señales de advertencia, por lo que la detección temprana es fundamental. Si se detecta en etapas tempranas y se trata adecuadamente, la pérdida de la visión puede ralentizarse o prevenirse. The American Academy of Ophthalmology is a trusted resource for ophthalmic education.

7. Cáncer de próstata

50 años o más

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in American men and can be detected using prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests. This type of cancer can be slow-growing or aggressive and fast-growing. Therefore, early screening is vital before symptoms develop. If you have a family history, you can begin testing at age 40. Además, hable con su médico acerca de los riesgos y beneficios del análisis.

8. Aneurisma aórtico abdominal

65 años o más

If you've ever smoked, you should have an ultrasound to test for an abdominal aortic aneurysm—a weakened area of the aorta that can enlarge and rupture if it gets too large. De lo contrario, los hombres que nunca fumaron tienen un riesgo menor, y el médico puede decidir si es necesario hacer este examen de detección.

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